Research is abundant in the field of education. However, when it comes to learning science, some studies stand out from the rest.
We’ve rounded up a handful of unique and impactful studies relating to learning science that we want to share with you. These studies, no matter how old, have left a mark on the educational timeline and they continue to inspire current researchers.
Over the next several weeks, we will be sharing these studies with you. First off, we would like to introduce Frederic Bartlett and his study on remembering that incorporates the folktale The War of the Ghosts.
Who is Frederic Bartlett?
If you’re into psychology, you have probably heard of Frederic Bartlett. A paper by Henry L Roediger provides details on Bartlett and his prominent works. Born in a small town in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom, Bartlett would mature into a well-known psychologist.
As a child, sickness prevented him from going to boarding school, but Bartlett did not consider this a setback, obtaining education through friends and family from the comfort of his own home.
Bartlett eventually went on to receive a MA from the University of London, followed by a doctorate from Cambridge University, where he then taught.
He is most well-known for his research on memory, resulting in his popular book: Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology. In this book, Bartlett also establishes the popular schema theory.
Research on Remembering
A large portion of Bartlett’s research relied upon The War of the Ghosts, a Native American folk tale. He used the story to conduct two experiments, one focusing on repeated reproduction and the other on serial reproduction.
In this experiment, the short story The War of Ghosts was read out loud twice to participants. Fifteen minutes later, they were asked to recall the story. Following this, subjects would be asked to recall the story at various points in time, some up to ten years later. Based on how participants were able to recall the story, Bartlett drew some interesting conclusions about memory.